Densely populated urban environments have become vastly depleted of natural elements and outdoor gathering spaces due to technology and industrialization. The urban environment has become filled with ecological and sensory deprivation, hazardous chemicals, and artificiality and is now less focused on the individual experience and the integration of nature within the built environment. Together these have all grown to be contributing factors of the weakened human-nature connectIion.
The purpose of this research is to effectively create an urban *restorative healing environment with *biophilic attributes that offers alternative, nature-based and natural means of healing and restoration. The design will utilize an existing building in Tribeca, NY in order to promote adaptive reuse and to work with the typical shape, size, and challenges of a building found in an urban setting.
• *Biophilic design: “The expression of the inherent human need to affiliate with nature in the design of the built environment; on the premise that the positive experience of natural systems remains critical to human performance and well-being” (Kellert, 2008, p. viii).
• *Restorative healing environment: a space that promotes a sense of renewal that is often achieved through two different means; rest and escape (Kaplan & Kaplan, 1989).
Summary: examine how biophilic design attributes can influence the aspects of a restorative environment and in turn encourage the human-nature connection that has been diminished in dense urban environments — in order to promote health, restoration, and well-being.